How Accurate Are Food Nutrition Labels?
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How Accurate Are Food Nutrition Labels?

Can you trust the calorie count on your food nutrition label? Learn the truth behind the numbers -- and how accurate they really are.
Question: "How accurate are nutrition labels? Can you really trust the numbers?"

Answer: According to the Food and Drug Administration, which sets food-labeling guidelines, calorie counts must be accurate within a five-calorie window. Foods containing fewer than five calories per serving can be called "calorie-free." Similar wiggle room is offered for a host of other food components, like trans fats, saturated fat, and total fat. The responsibility for ensuring the accuracy of food labels rests with the food manufacturer, not with the government. However, the FDA does conduct random sampling and testing to ensure accuracy. If a company is found to be in violation, the FDA will take regulatory action. For more information on food-labeling guidelines, go to


Originally published in Fitness magazine, February 2006.